China’s cotton industry overview of the development process

In 1998, the country began to open up the flow of cotton, China’s cotton industry as the latest opening up of agricultural products, for the first time into the embrace of the market economy. The flow of cotton industry, the cotton spinning industry link in the chain link in the great changes brought forward to the downstream and upstream production of cotton textile industry to flourish. Over the past 10 years, the production of cotton production and the year; from a planned economy out of cotton out of business full of vitality; textile and garment industry has become even more of China’s exports of pillar industries.

10 years of rapid development, let us harvest results also encountered a lot of problems. The whole industry chain development in the 10 years after entering the downturn in 2008. China’s cotton textile industry will be what kind of attitude going … it …

10 years ago is still a poverty-stricken counties of the city of Zibo in Shandong Province Qingxian high, is now the high-rises, cotton processing plants eye from time to time. In 2006, high-Qingxian revenue reached 400,000,000 yuan, of which the local cotton industry accounted for revenue of 1 / 3, per capita income of farmers reached 4303 yuan. “The cotton industry has not only enhanced the development of Zhong Mian enthusiasm of farmers, directly and indirectly led to various types of employment up to 40,000 people, achieved a surplus rural labor to work do not leave their homes.” County magistrate Wang Kehai said.

Over the past 10 years, Xinjiang cotton area, the Huang-Huai and Yangtze River valley cotton cotton-growing areas such as high-Qingxian on the development of the cotton industry and the rich took to the road where there are many. Over the years, China’s cotton-growing gradually from the spring up all over the region to the edge concentration of cotton in these regions and cities have become the pillars of the agricultural industry. This is not only one side of the rich people, but also China’s cotton quality has been further improved, the steady growth of cotton production year by year.

To focus on the layout of the production well

According to the Ministry of Agriculture planting survey conducted by Management 2005-2007 period, the three major cotton planting area of cotton accounted for 99.85 percent nationwide in 2002 to increase 0.25 percentage points, mainly in Hebei, Shandong, Henan, Shanxi, Shaanxi, Tianjin, the Soviet Union , Anhui, Hunan, Hubei, Jiangxi, the new, Gan, and other 13 provinces, autonomous regions. More than 10 million mu (the Corps for more than 5 million) of the total county area ratio of 80.9 percent.

The concentration of production brought about by the rapid development of the cotton industry:

– Production capacity has increased significantly. As China’s cotton production technology has improved, the acreage of the resumption of growth in cotton production capacity has increased significantly. During 2003-2007, China’s average cotton acreage, yield, total output of 8282 mu, 77 kg / mu, 6,410,000 tons more than in the “planning” before the three-year (2000-2002) increased by 1459 hectares , 5.5 kg / mu, 1,550,000 tons, an increase of 21.4 percent respectively, 7.7 percent, 31.8 percent. Among them, Xinjiang 2003-2007 cotton acreage an average of 2046 mu yield of 108 kg / mu, total output 2,240,000 tons more than in the “planning” before the three-year growth of 32.6 percent, respectively, 13.4%, 52.7%.

– Improve the quality of fiber. According to the Ministry of Agriculture Cotton Quality Supervision, Inspection and Test Center of China’s high-quality cotton varieties grown cotton base in the county’s fiber-quality test results for many years, 2004-2007 fiber length, strength, spinning evenness index respectively over the “planning” before the release of 2001 — In 2002 increased an average of 0.2mm, 0.4cN/tex, 0.8. In addition, China has bred a group of more than 30mm in fiber length, strength fracture in 31cN/tex over land in the flower of the new long-staple cotton varieties, production and promotion of the Model 200 million, so that the structure of China’s cotton quality Upland cotton terry in China, in cashmere, in the proportion of short fiber cotton from “planning” before the release of 1:95:4 to 2:93:5 adjustment.

– Continue to extend the industrial chain. With the concentration of industries and improve the quality of cotton, cotton processing, textile companies such as the advantages of cotton in the region to establish cotton production base, according to the “enterprise + base + farmers” or “enterprise + + Professional Farmers Co-operation”, etc., to carry out The order, continued to extend the industrial chain.

– Economic efficiency improved significantly. “Planning” Since the implementation of China’s cotton production continued to increase overall efficiency, cotton output in 2007 amounted to 120,000,000,000 yuan more than in 2002 by 51,000,000,000 yuan, an increase of 86.4 percent. According to the National Development and Reform Commission statistics, 2003-cotton per acre in 2007 cash earnings were 832,615,784,832,945 yuan, 5-year average of 802 yuan / mu, “planning” before the implementation of the 3-year average (519 Million) to increase 283 yuan / mu, an increase of 54.5 percent.

Benefits of agricultural policies to promote the sound development of industry

China’s cotton industry over the past 10 years occurred in a welcome change, in addition to the environmental impact of production factors, and changes in national policy and also has a close relationship.

In 2000, the country has been taken to limit the development of the cotton policies, in addition to Xinjiang, leading to the outside of the main cotton producing province of a rapid decline in cotton acreage. In 2001, countries have begun to broaden the channels for cotton, cotton planting has been to encourage the enthusiasm, Chinese cotton production to maintain steady growth.

However, with the opening of cotton market, a large number of influx of capital, the disorder at one time so that the cotton price competition appears to be volatile. In the process, due to cotton farmers blocking information, combined with single-family single-family production, in the market in a weak position, “difficult to sell cotton,” “Da Baitiao” in the early liberalization of the cotton market so that farmers have become the most helpless. Lead to large fluctuations in the thinking of the cotton planting area of cotton is not stable.

In 2005, the national macro-control policies began to concern the interests of cotton growers, the last two years, Geng Shiba relevant departments to protect the interests of cotton farmers in the cotton production in the first. Quasi-sliding tax policy is one of them. In 2005, WTO Sixth Ministerial Conference, the Ministry of Agriculture Niu Dun, vice minister rejected the U.S. Trade Representative Rob Portman to China to further open up the cotton market. He said: “China will not agree to further reduce tariffs on cotton, we further reduced, the pressure on the Chinese cotton growers are concerned that there would be significant, they would have affected the basic livelihood of cotton farmers, but also to the employment of farmers and the eradication of poverty issues Because of low prices and more imports of cotton, cotton production to the farmers the employment problem will get worse, it is necessary to help them out of poverty is even more difficult. As a responsible big country, we need to consider involving 1.2 million people the most basic questions. ”

Then in 2007, the state subsidies for cotton production for the first time introduced the project. The central finance allocated 500,000,000 yuan, nearly 4,000 ha for planting cotton subsidies, subsidies for 2 years. County to organize as a unit, each county to determine 5 fine varieties, so a kind of village. The cotton subsidies in the Yellow River Basin area of 1603 mu, 670 mu of cotton in the Yangtze River Basin, northwest inland cotton 1060 mu. The promotion of improved varieties of cotton subsidies subsidies for projects in the region engaged in the cultivation of cotton farmers, subsidies for the standard 10 yuan per mu in Xinjiang, the mainland 15 yuan per mu. 500,000,000 yuan allocated as follows: the Yellow River valley cotton subsidies amount of 240,500,000 yuan, the Yangtze River Valley cotton subsidies amount of 100,500,000 yuan, in the northwest inland cotton subsidies amount of 159,000,000 yuan.

Fine cotton subsidies at the beginning of spring is about to put in a very short time, within the scope of subsidies to corresponding areas of all subsidy payments to farmers, benefiting tens of millions of cotton farmers to a certain extent, reduce the cost pressure on cotton subsidies Praise can not stimulate the enthusiasm of farmers planting so that China’s cotton planting area reached a record level. It is understood that from 2009 onwards cotton seed subsidy will cover the full scope of the cotton fields.

Hui agricultural policy launch in a row, so that in a weak position of farmers is no longer isolated, the cotton initiative and a steady increase of China’s cotton production safety in the cotton farmers get the most links in the upper reaches of the fundamental guarantee.