China’s national economy an average annual increase of 9.88%

30 years of reform and opening up, China’s economy is booming for 30 years. From 1978 to 2008, China’s average annual growth rate of 9.88 percent of the national economy, far above the world average of 3.3 percent economic growth rate around. GDP in 1978 from 364.5 billion yuan in 2007 to growth of 24,661,900,000,000 yuan, fiscal revenue increased to 113,200,000,000 yuan from 5,130,400,000,000 yuan, import and export volume increased by 30 years, more than 100 times, the savings of urban and rural residents increased by 700 Times. In 2007, China’s economic aggregate ranked fourth in the world, the world’s third largest foreign trade volume, foreign exchange reserves, the highest in the world.

In this 30 years, China issued a vote by the people to maintain the most basic needs of clothing, developed into a fiber processing accounts for 40% of the world’s total textile-producing countries. From 2001 China’s accession to the WTO date, in a short period of 7 years, China’s textile industrial output value increased by 2.43 times the average annual growth rate of 19.24%; industrial added value increased by 2.60 times the average annual growth rate 20.09 percent; export trade volume increased by 2.31 times the average annual growth rate of 18.65 percent; all-personnel labor productivity increased by 1.22 times the average annual growth rate of 12.61 percent. The textile industry in China has become involved in international economic integration process in the most active and positive driving force, and China has become in the international market has a strong competitive industry.

Recalling the early stage of reform and a high degree of enhanced so that the dual structure of China’s economic development is faced with high grade industrial structure and funding for the transfer of rural labor conflicts. In the face of difficulties, China has several options: First, give priority to the development of agriculture, light industry, make up the class of the rural labor force transfer. However, due to the limited capacity of the domestic market, lower consumption level, economic development is still in the accumulation phase of the high can not be implemented. Second, take the Latin American countries, by relying on external development. However, China is a big country, according to the size of population and per capita level of foreign debt, the total amount of external debt to 1 trillion U.S. dollars, the export size and ability to repay the balance can not be. Third, the development of the export of machinery and electronic products, through international exchange of heavy industry for the development of capital accumulation. But then, mechanical and electrical products belong to the circle of trade between developed countries and underdeveloped countries can hardly set foot. At that time, in the historical conditions, only the fourth road, that is, in order to cut labor-intensive products, “the international economic circle” in the industry for the development of rapid accumulation of funds at the same time solve the problem of the rural labor force transfer. This is consistent with a national, international vision and new ideas. As a result, the development of China’s textile industry has become export-oriented economy, following the international transfer of industry pioneer in the industry.

It was against this historical background, the Chinese textile industry in its own time of rapid growth, China’s economic and social progress has made a lot of irreplaceable. For example, to absorb a large number of rural labor transfer, and are subject to the adjustment of prices of agricultural products to rationalize the risks for the entire socio-economic development of the accumulation of capital; in the industry to achieve a more thorough economic reform, China has promoted the healthy development of private economy; take the lead Industrial clustering in the textile industry cluster development in the region to promote the region’s burgeoning economy; formed a complete industrial chain is relatively advanced, so that the textile become China’s most internationally competitive and comparative advantages of the industry. It is difficult to imagine, in the absence of output and sales of more than 3,000,000,000,000 yuan, the employed population 20,000,000, agriculture-related population of 1 billion people in the textile industry healthy development of China’s economic development will happen.

Well-known economist Lin Yifu of China’s comparative advantage theory of reform and opening up China to give up the early catch-up strategy, bowed his head to the “World Factory” into the role of the international division of labor has done a systematic exposition. His theory that economic development is a step-by-step process, it should be in the economic development of each stage can then give full play to the resource endowments of comparative advantage, rather than from the comparative advantages of catch-up. With economic development, capital accumulation, per capita availability of capital raising, resource endowment structure has been upgrading, industry leading products will be gradually from the labor-intensive to capital-intensive, technology-intensive, as well as information-based methods.

China’s textile industry is changing in the way of economic development, promoting industrial upgrading critical period. In the face of the current international financial crisis, from the industry point of view, it is necessary to implement the scientific concept of development and change over-reliance on investment and export development model, to raise domestic consumption and make new contribution; at the same time improve the economic performance of the technology industry The contribution rate and the rate of contribution to the brand, developing circular economy and take a new road to industrialization, to achieve fast and good development. From a social and national development point of view, the textile industry in addressing the issue of agriculture, and promote the coordinated development of different regions to address the urban-rural dual structure has a bearing on long-term sustainable development issues and continue to play an active role. This is the Chinese textile industry full practice the scientific concept of development, deepening reform and opening up further in the country and eventually establish the rule of law, market economy, democracy and the establishment of the rule of law, fairness and justice, sincerity, amity, vitality, stability and order, harmony between man and nature society In the process of history can not shirk its responsibility.