In 2008 the United States on China’s textile products, end restrictions on the number of

In 2008, with the United States I would end restrictions on the number of textile products. As textile and garment export business in the United States, the United States textile import customs management and related measures is necessary.

First, the United States tariff structure and categories of textile quotas

1, the United States tariff structure

From the United States in 1989 launched “Commodity Description and Coding System” ( “HS”) based on the Tariff Policy. With all States parties to the Harmonized System, the U.S. Customs “tax coordination” (Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United States) of direct using the “Harmonized System” of the overall classification rules, Class Notes, Chapter Notes, the Notes item and its 6 Table-coded goods in its entirety.

At the same time, the United States in the original “Harmonized System” on the basis of their comments added to understand the layout and structure of the goods made and the corresponding provisions of the official explanation; and in accordance with their needs in the “Harmonized System” 6-purpose code based on the increase 4 out of the country an item, the item will be extended to a number of class 10. Edited by the United States “to coordinate tax” at 7, 8-bit code to an item tariff for the use of tariffs; At the same time, as required in paragraph 7, 8-bit on the basis of the first to add an additional 9, 10-bit code, mainly for And control the use of trade statistics. For the special needs of such use of tax coordination, which we call the “tax / Statistical Coordination directory.” The directory in the United States through the development of the legislative process, the force of law, any importers and exporters in both the U.S. Customs official website and download. U.S. Customs imposed import tariffs is one of the main basis for the customs value of imported goods. Customs and Excise Department to assess the value of imported goods, the legal basis for the United States Tariff Act of 1930 (as amended) section 402 of valuation terms, these provisions in the 1979 Trade Agreement Act has been amended. In most cases, the Customs and Excise Department’s assessment is based on the value of the transaction value of the goods; not sure if the transaction value may be based on specific levels on the basis of imported goods for assessment purposes, the value of the secondary were the basis of the same goods, similar to the The transaction value of the goods, and the value of the projected value of the deduction.

Currently, the United States for more than three times more than the average tariff level of high-tariff lines account for about 7% of the total tax, customs duties more than 15% of the total tariff lines account for about 4%. High tariffs and tariff peaks mainly in textiles and clothing, leather, rubber, ceramics, footwear and travel products, such as product categories, and these products China exports to the United States is the main product.

2, the U.S. textile restrictions categories

The U.S. textile restrictions, in principle, including yarn, fabrics, garments and other textile products, the code for the type of 3 encoding, a representative of the fiber group ( “2” Cotton said that in the first and / or chemical fiber, “3” Cotton said at the beginning of the word, “4” Mao said at the beginning, “6” at the beginning of that chemical fiber, “8” at the beginning of that silk or cotton in addition to other plant fiber); 2, 3 representatives from the project goods (goods in accordance with the project Yarn, fabrics, clothing and other textile products arranged in the order, X00-X07, said yarn, X10-X29, said fabric, X30-X59, said clothing, X60-X99, said other textile products); specific categories corresponding to the number of China’s textile goods code And trade names can be found in the Ministry of Commerce Web site published by the textile exports to the United States Provisional Catalog.

The United States in the 10-bit code to coordinate the nomenclature marked on the limits of the textile categories, and other relevant information, such as trade names, such as the tax rate. The import of textile products should first determine the “coordination of tax” on the 10 code, and then based on the code corresponding to the types of restrictions to manage. U.S. Department of Commerce under the Office of Textiles and Clothing (Office of Textiles and Apparel, OTEXA) is mainly responsible for the import, export and textile quota management, the establishment of the types of textile quotas with the United States Customs “tax coordination” on the list of 10-bit code corresponding to the goods , Each corresponding to a range of categories, all of the code of goods.

Second, the U.S. Customs import of textiles and related management measures

1, textile import customs clearance

For textile imports, the U.S. Customs Service uses e-ELVIS system, that is, Electronic visa information system (electronic customs information systems), which is the realization of the U.S. Customs on textile quotas and related documents, data management systems. The system and the system’s accession to the textile exporting country network to transmit certified by the exporting country’s textile export documents, including the export of the textile quota categories, as well as the number of enterprises, and other relevant information. The system can be achieved through the United States and exporter of textile products related to the quota of two-way management, reduce the credibility of not abiding by the enterprise commodity risk of fraud. Textile-exporting countries in the application of the system, exporters should be prepared to take in order to paper-based documents for future reference, but will eventually transition to a paperless trade management. At present, the United States to join the system a total of 15 countries, mostly textile-exporting countries; In addition to China, also include South Korea, Vietnam, Thailand, Bangladesh, the Philippines, Singapore, and so on.

2, the U.S. Customs management of imports of textiles

U.S. Customs law, “import” refers to the loading of imports of goods imports of U.S. ships arrived in Hong Kong after unloading the cargo ship. To apply for official declarations, importers must obtain an importer identification number. The identification number must be marked in the import declaration card, the card is usually declarations to Customs clearance of goods by the filing. In addition to the importer to the customs import declaration documents required, should also be provided on commercial imports of invoices and special customs invoice. U.S. Customs on imported goods inspection and clearance compared with the general representative selection of goods in order to determine whether the imported goods must be in possession of the country of origin marking, and check whether they are in line with the description of the documents and so on.

According to the November 8, 2005, Chinese Minister of Commerce Bo Xilai and U.S. Trade Representative Rob Portman signed in London “People’s Republic of China government and the United States of America on trade in textiles and clothing of the memorandum of understanding” of the agreement, Agreement on textiles and the amount of time to reach a compromise on the agenda. In that agreement the United States imports from China of 21 categories of textile products introduced to control the number of stages from January 1, 2006 until December 31, 2008 only 3 sub-stage, we can see specific details of the “Ministry of Commerce Notice 2005 No. 84 the management of textile exports to the U.S. announcement. ” The limits of textile exports to the U.S. in January 1, 2006 to December 2008 31 exports to the United States, China Customs can “temporary textile export license” for customs clearance procedures; belonging to the legal test directory of textile products, China Customs should also be based on inspection and quarantine agencies issued a “border Tongguan Dan goods” for the relevant inspection procedures. If requested by the U.S. Customs Service, importers must also provide the Chinese side to issue a “certificate of origin for textiles exports to the U.S..”

The United States of apparel textiles in particular, the classification of very specific and detailed comparison. From 2005, the two sides signed the Sino-US textile trade agreement classification, China announced that 21 kinds of products, and the United States published by the Sino-US agreement covers 34 kinds of products. Released by the products from the United States we can see that it is in 21 products on the basis of further broken down further, such as cotton knit shirts will be further divided into men’s and women’s. According to this approach, the United States to the agreement of 9 products is further broken down into sub-categories 2; 2 kinds of products and each is further broken down into 3 sub-categories; on the way through the breakdown of the more out of the 13 categories. The U.S. side claims that the agreement includes 34 categories, in fact, the Customs and Excise Department and its management and statistics of rules is not consistent with. China and the United States in the course of negotiations, the two sides has been carried out around 21 kinds of products, there is no concept of the 34 categories, the final agreement reached between the two sides 21 explicitly products in the future is for the implementation of the management of these 21 products launched. The United States through detailed classification to achieve a means to control the import, export enterprises have to rise to attention.