India handloom silk looms, Technology and Industry for this poses a serious threat

Legends, hand-loom silk industry in India originated in AD 300, when Chinese princess to silkworm eggs and mulberry seeds hidden in headscarves inside secretly shipped to India. Years after 1700, China has the technology industry poses a serious threat, China dumping low-cost generic and automatic loom high-volume production a serious blow to India’s silk industry.

India and silk textile结缘several centuries, but now the shore of the Ganges River around the city have felt a threat to the existence of the inundation of several centuries, the silk weaving industry craftsmen complex multi-color silk saris, to become India bride’s dowry in the basic ingredients. Now, the Ganges River shore city Pili Kothi area, a row of another row of hand-loom is idle, and only occasionally a Weavers issued whirr and tick to break the sterile environment, he is still in the efforts of , in order to complete a nine yards long silk flash orders, often the edge of this product are golden thread weaving.

10 years ago, Varanasi city’s silk industry there are about 70 million people. Has now been reduced to less than 25 million people, their income is significantly reduced. One main reason is that India indiscriminate import and commercial production. According to the report of the Planning Commission of India 2006 and-07 years, silk imported from China about 9258 tons, worth six billion rupees (120 million U.S. dollars). Therefore, the cocoon prices plummeted, farmers in the southern Karnataka state cut down about 49,000 hectares of mulberry.

Mid-2005, the Government of India to China raw silk import levy anti-dumping duties, but China’s imports from third countries such as Bangladesh and Nepal, has poured into India, including the smuggling. At that time, the anti-dumping duties do not include silk fabrics. A large number of low-cost and machinery production in the beginning of the influx of Chinese silk wrinkle India, the Indian tradition of hand-loom silk yarn Lai constitute dead against. Only a few have the ability to identify buyers can distinguish the difference between them, only they are willing to pay the higher price the real thing.

Unfortunately, a surge in imports at the same time, hand loom has been the face of the threat posed by power loom, power loom to use computers, vividly to mimic the traditional hand loom design, and marketing of these products to customers.

Worst of all, China has begun to export imitation silk yarn Lai. Soon, Chinese enterprises began to weave from India to employ local workers to enable them to produce complex patterns and colors. India’s own labor problems, power shortages and a lack of subsidies and other issues, therefore, India’s silk production and marketing, there is no ability to compete with China.

Weavers in India have no choice but to give up in droves for hundreds of years old professional, but many people said they were pleased to development of resources left over from a structure in which they never are in can not be won. India Silk Board (CSB) said that the purpose of anti-dumping duty is to protect the Weavers sericulturist and the interests of the impact of anti-dumping duties on silk exporters to India’s competitiveness. Anti-dumping duties in December 2008 concluded, CSB in the fight for the extension of anti-dumping duties on more than 5 years, although the overall anti-dumping duties on silk production did not help.

As the global economic crisis, the United States and Europe has reduced the demand for silk industry is facing difficulties, the next few years may be the reduction of 5-100000 job opportunities.