Indian hand-loom silk industry, the impact of India’s silk industry

Legend, hand-loom silk industry in India originated in 300 AD, when the princess Chinese silkworm eggs and mulberry seeds hidden in a scarf inside secretly shipped to India. After 1700 years, China has the technology industry poses a serious threat, adopted by the Chinese dumping, low-cost generic and automatic loom large mass grave impact on India’s silk industry.

India and the number of Jie Yuan silk textile century, but now the shore of the Ganges River around the city has felt the threat of flooding by the existence of several centuries, craftsmen silk weaving industry, a complex of multi-color silk saris, to become India The bride’s dowry in the basic ingredients.

Now, the Ganges River shore Pili Kothi area of the city, a row of another row of hand-loom is idle, only a Weavers occasionally issued by the whirr and tick without breaking the vitality of the environment, he is still an effort to In order to complete a 9 yards of silk flash orders, the product often on the brink of golden thread woven there.

10 years ago, Varanasi city’s silk industry there are about 70 million people. Has now been reduced to less than 25 million people, their income is significantly reduced.

One of the main reasons is that India indiscriminately, as well as imports of commercial production. According to the report of the Planning Commission of India, 2006-07, raw silk imported from China about 9258 tons, valued at 6.0 billion rupees (1.2 million).

As a result, cocoon prices in the south state of Karnataka farmers cut down about 49,000 hectares of mulberry.

Mid-2005, the Government of India to China raw silk anti-dumping duties on imports, but China’s imports from third countries such as Bangladesh and Nepal, into a large number of India, including smuggling. At that time, anti-dumping duties do not include silk fabric system.

A large number of low-cost production machines and the beginning of the influx of Chinese silk wrinkle India, the Indian tradition of hand-loom silk yarn Li constitute combat dead. Only a few have the ability to identify the buyers can distinguish the difference between them, only they are willing to pay high prices real thing.

Unfortunately, the surge in imports at the same time, the hand loom has been the face of the threat posed by power looms, power looms using the computer, and vivid imitation of traditional hand-loom design, and marketing of these products to customers.

Worst of all, China started to export imitation silk yarn Li. Soon, Chinese companies began to weave from India to employ local workers to enable them to produce complex patterns and colors.

India has its own labor problems, power shortages and a lack of subsidies and other issues, India’s silk production and marketing, can not afford to compete with China.

Indian weavers have no choice but to give up in groups of several hundred years old professional, but many people say they are pleased to left by the development of a resource structure, in this structure, they can never win.

India Silk Board (CSB) said that the anti-dumping duties of the silkworm breeder and the aim is to protect the interests of the Weavers, the anti-dumping duties affected the Indian silk exporters more competitive. Anti-dumping duties in December 2008 concluded, CSB in the fight for the extension of the anti-dumping duties on more than 5 years, although the overall anti-dumping duties on silk production did not help.

As the global economic crisis, the United States and Europe has reduced the demand for silk industry is facing difficulties in the next few years may have to reduce 5-100000 jobs.