Oriental carpets and hand-Silk Road

Oriental hand-woven carpets to the origin and are closely related to the history of the Silk Road. Silk Road 3000 years ago is now at the Chinese Chang’an (now Xi’an), the Dunhuang into the Tarim Basin to the Pamirs connecting East Asia, Central Asia, Persia (now Iran), Turkey, arrived in ancient Rome and European countries for a Business Road. Is like a river running through Central Asia, the Silk Road will also India, Arabia, Mongolia, North and South neighboring countries and regions connected together. Eastern and western countries are transactions of goods by passers-by from the transportation, trading items such as the Orient from China, India and other countries of silk, silk and spices; Persia, Turkey, and other places, such as handicrafts and tou. The initial transactions not know, around 1,000 years BC, is located in the Taklimakan Desert and the Tarim Basin in Central Asia, such as Hotan and Kashgar, there are now Uzbekistan and other places, rich gold, silver and other precious metals and stones, became the At that time, the Silk Road on the east and western countries of the regional trading center. In that era, hand-woven carpet has been started as a senior Crafts transactions.

Hand-woven carpet was originally nomads and used to produce the necessities of life to withstand the cold winter, a manual also the resulting art. Usually live in the desert region of nomads, who often knit high density, blankets Mianbo, easy to carry and transport the carpet; living in the stone masonry and farming nation’s carpet weaving, have a certain density, thick and durable; And those who live in palaces, sleep in a bed of marble royalty and nobles, the use of production workshops in the city, the color of rich, sophisticated weaving carpets. The history of Asia can be said that the rise and fall of empires and the national movement’s history, such as into the Mongol Empire Hingis Khan, Alexander the Macedonian, Turkish Sale ancient empire, the Persian Empire and India’s lying Mohr Empire. The evolution of the Empire of the East and West are promoting the cultural and technical exchanges. In frequent trading of various incentives under the ancient Silk Road into the East hand-woven carpet production and trading hub zone.

Turkestan in Central Asia in 2000 before the Turkish national living in places, also is the boundary between China and Pakistan borders the north side of the Karakorum collectively, the national life, here is the birthplace of Oriental hand-woven carpets one of the production East and the cradle of hand-woven carpets. This zone is the junction of East and West through the Silk Road, while East and West Turkestan also have a different culture. West Turkestan is the Uighurs, Tajiks, Uzbeks, Kyrgyz people, Afghanistan and northern Pakistan nomadic and semi-nomadic places of residence. In the Islamic culture and under the influence of Persian culture, their production of hand-woven carpet design with strong Islamic flavor. East Turkestan is located in the same Tibet, Nepal, Bhutan, India, and other regions close phase grounding of the Strip, by the impact of the strong Buddhist culture, but also by the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region and Mongolia from China and other Chinese cultural influences, which are produced by hand Woven carpets very unique. Indian hand-woven carpet patterns produced by the national Hindu do not have much impact, but by the Kashmir region affected by Islam. Silk Road in the eastern part of China, since ancient times, learning the West into the hand-woven carpet weaving techniques, some of the ethnic minority border areas have begun to produce hand-woven carpets, and fine products into dedicated to the Imperial Palace and dignitaries.