Three major advantages of regional development in cotton production

China is the world’s cotton production, consumption and importing and exporting textile and apparel power. Yellow River Basin, Yangtze River and inland northwest edge of the three major cotton producing area of development, China’s cotton supply for the protection, support the development of the textile industry, cotton farmers to increase income and promote the coordinated development of a healthy national economy has played an important role.

Production more concentrated. During 2005-2007, three major cotton planting area of cotton accounted for 99.85 percent nationwide in 2002 to increase 0.25 percentage points, mainly in Hebei, Shandong, Henan, Shanxi, Shaanxi, Tianjin, Jiangsu, Anhui, Hunan, Hubei, Jiangxi The new, Gan, and other 13 provinces, autonomous regions. More than 10 million mu (the Corps for more than 5 million) of the total county area ratio of 80.9 percent.

Production capacity has increased significantly. As China’s cotton production technology has improved, the acreage of the resumption of growth in cotton production capacity has increased significantly. During 2003-2007, China’s average cotton acreage, yield, total output of 8282 mu, 77 kg / mu, 6,410,000 tons more than in the “planning” before the three years (2000-2002, the same below) respectively 1459 million, 5.5 kg / mu, 1,550,000 tons, an increase of 21.4 percent respectively, 7.7 percent, 31.8 percent. Among them, Xinjiang 2003-2007 cotton acreage an average of 2046 mu yield of 108 kg / mu, total output 2,240,000 tons more than in the “planning” before the three-year growth of 32.6 percent, respectively, 13.4%, 52.7%.

Improved quality of fiber. According to the Ministry of Agriculture Cotton Quality Supervision, Inspection and Test Center of China’s high-quality cotton varieties grown cotton base in the county’s fiber-quality test results for many years, 2004-2007 fiber length, strength, spinning evenness index respectively over the “planning” before the release of 2001 — In 2002 increased an average of 0.2mm, 0.4cN/tex, 0.8. In addition, China has bred a group of more than 30mm in fiber length, strength fracture in 31cN/tex over land in the flower of the new long-staple cotton varieties, production and promotion of the Model 200 million, so that the structure of China’s cotton quality Upland cotton terry in China, in cashmere, in the proportion of short fiber cotton from “planning” before the release of 1:95:4 to 2:93:5 adjustment.

Continue to extend the industrial chain. With the concentration of industries and improve the quality of cotton, cotton processing, textile companies such as the advantages of cotton in the region to establish cotton production base, according to the “enterprise + base + farmers” or “enterprise + + Professional Farmers Co-operation”, etc., to carry out The order, continued to extend the industrial chain.

Economic efficiency improved significantly. “Planning” Since the implementation of China’s cotton production continued to increase overall efficiency, cotton output in 2007 amounted to 120,000,000,000 yuan more than in 2002 by 51,000,000,000 yuan, an increase of 86.4 percent. According to the National Development and Reform Commission statistics, 2003-cotton per acre in 2007 cash earnings were 832,615,784,832,945 yuan, 5-year average of 802 yuan / mu, “planning” before the implementation of the 3-year average (519 Million) to increase 283 yuan / mu, an increase of 54.5 percent. Secretary of the Ministry of Agriculture crop management to provide