Xinjiang’s cotton production research report

The 1990s, the regional party committee, the People’s Government established the “one white and one black” (cotton and oil) development strategy, the Central Government to give major support, the whole party and government at all levels and of all ethnic groups around the cotton quality, high yield, Low-cost development and growth of cotton industries, the cotton yield, the total output of steady growth, and gradually build China’s largest high-quality cotton production base, area, yield, total output, the amount of out of 15 years in a row ranked first in the country, and has gradually developed a Production, logistics, processing, marketing, cotton clothing complete set of industrial development of the system.

“Ninth Five-Year Plan”, the development of cotton production in Xinjiang and achieved marked results, with a substantial increase in the level of production. With the farming system and cultivation methods of reform, many times to update the replacement of fine breed, promoting a number of high-yield, high-quality cultivation techniques, including mulching, planting dwarf close early, chemical control, pest control and other major technology. With the constant adjustment of planting structure, Xinjiang’s cotton production gradually to the climatic conditions suitable for planting the basis of good, high-level production focused on the advantages of the region. Cotton in Xinjiang’s economic development in rural areas, have become increasingly apparent, as the cotton than other agricultural products have the appropriate storage, anti-risk ability to market, to benefit from good stability, Xinjiang has become the largest cash crops.

With the country’s cotton circulation system and promote the continuous deepening of the flow of cotton in Xinjiang has more or less a monopoly for purchase and marketing experience, as well as the purchase contracts open up the market in three stages. At present, our region is being set up to rely on market mechanisms to achieve rational distribution of resources and cotton circulation system of the modern. Xinjiang’s cotton spinning industry, the capital of Urumqi as the center and south along the northern railway, highway, aviation and other transport links focused on cities and towns, raw material producing areas, the extension of the border crossings. “Five-Year Plan” period, Wu-chang area, the city of Aksu, Kashi City, as well as the city of Shihezi, Kuitun City, and other advantages to attract investment and industry growth. In addition, increased investment, from home and abroad has introduced a number of well-known textile companies to invest and build factories in Xinjiang, the formation of a stable market. The formation of the cotton industry in our region the size of an orderly expansion of production capacity, equipment level, the ability to innovate continuously improve product quality to enhance the steady trend.

Xinjiang and other domestic cotton, cotton production has unique advantages, mainly in the great potential for yield; light water resources, rich soil; industrial development potential of the species reserves, scientific and technological support and management of human resources advantages, and so on. At the same time, Xinjiang’s cotton industry, there are some problems. Among them, there are aspects of cotton production costs increased year by year, Liang Fan system is relatively weak, picking the low level of mechanization of cotton, cotton deteriorating ecological environment, backward infrastructure, the quality of cotton to be further enhanced. Circulation of the existence of the traditional one-on-one way of buying and selling is still dominant, cotton processing capacity of the serious oversupply of frequent fluctuations in the market price of cotton, the cotton market system, perfect service, the slow development of industrial management. Cotton textile industry, the production of low concentration, the unreasonable structure of cotton textile products, and capital structure is irrational, cotton by-products is rich in resources, processing of a low utilization rate.

Seventeen to the spirit of the Third Plenary Session of the guide, comprehensively implement the scientific concept of development, based on market demand and national policies, continue to implement high-quality cotton base, moderately reduce the size of the existing cotton, the production should focus on cotton And high-yield high-quality cotton, focus on the cultivation of high-density, water-saving irrigation, pest management and standardized management to promote the popularization of technology, quality and yield of the main, section of this efficiency, and enhance value-added transformation capacity and market competitiveness through improved Breeding system, the promotion of science and technology system, farm machinery and equipment systems, build processing advantages, develop the market advantage. Specific measures include: optimization of the industrial structure of agriculture through the connotation of the potential to improve efficiency of cotton; the implementation of cotton through science and education strategies to raise the level of cotton; to strengthen the cotton market system and effectively improve the market competitiveness of cotton in Xinjiang; positive development, foster intermediary organizations, Vigorously push forward the process of Xinjiang’s cotton industry; speed up the cotton picker machine testing, the pace of the promotion, effective to alleviate the shortage of seasonal labor situation, and other five areas. And continue to strive to increase the quality of cotton in Xinjiang support bases; to increase cotton subsidies to high standards of water-saving efforts; the expansion of seed cotton subsidies and agricultural subsidies comprehensive range; cotton policy to increase the burden of the central line of insurance; the establishment of a standardized and institutionalized Reserve cotton long-adjustment mechanism; to establish a stable long-term mechanism to the price of cotton; cotton imports and the establishment of joint mechanisms for the protection of industries; Guo Chanmian comprehensive management of quality standards to impose the use of plastic farm system; supervision of the business by Zheng Xinjiang Cotton futures No. 2 Contract as soon as possible on the stock exchange; continue to support the development of the textile industry in Xinjiang; conducive to the establishment of high-quality cotton industry’s financial support for the development of operational mechanisms to promote the region’s cotton industry is fast and good development.